UK Policy Briefings
2019 WBG Briefing: Public transport and gender
Date Posted: Thursday 31st October 2019
- Travel by public transport is highly gendered. In 2018 across England men made slightly more journeys by rail than women, but women made over a third more journeys by bus than men. 
- In 2018 across England men made slightly more journeys by rail than women, but women made over a third more journeys by bus than men. 
- In Scotland and Wales the data suggests that these trends are replicated: women are more likely to use the bus than men, whilst men are more likely to use rail than women.
- In Northern Ireland the latest figures show there is little difference in how frequently men and women use public transport, but like the rest of the UK, men tend to travel further distances than women on all forms of transport. 
- In 2017/18, UK Government spending on public transport totalled £32.5bn. 
- This included £18bn on railways, £10.5bn on local and national roads and £2.5bn on ‘local public transport’ including buses. 
- Analysis by the Equality Trust showed that the richest ten per cent receives £977.4 million in transport subsidy; the poorest ten per cent receives just £296.7 million. 
- Bus fares are a barrier to access. 38% of adults would use buses more often if fares were cheaper. 14% of women and 12% of men said they don’t use buses because fares were too high. 
- Between March 2012 and March 2018, the average annual percentage change in bus fares was 2.9%, which was higher than the average annual rate of inflation (1.6%).