Flexible working beyond COVID-19
Date Posted: Tuesday 30th June 2020
Rt Hon Alok Sharma MP
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
1 Victoria Street
London, SW1H 0ET
19 May 2020
Dear Secretary of State
Flexible working beyond COVID-19
In 2019, just 5% of the UK workforce said they worked mainly from home.1 45% of parents that took part in Working Families’ 2020 Modern Families Index did not work flexibly. More than three quarters (77%) indicated they want to. Almost a third (32%) reported that flexible working was ‘not available’ where they work.
The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that flexibility can be unlocked in many, many more jobs than previously thought. The Office for National Statistics estimates that between 41% and 49% of people have been working at home at some point during lockdown, while the Resolution Foundation found that 63% of all workers are working from home.
But the opportunity to work from home has been unevenly distributed, with higher paid workers being the most likely to benefit3. The Resolution Foundation found that during the lockdown, 44% of the lowest paid workers were working from home, compared to 83% of the highest paid. There is a similar split when it comes to expectations of working from home after the lockdown: 29% of the lowest paid workers expect to work from home more going forward, compared to 60% of the highest paid.
Working Families’ most recent research indicates parents and carers do not want their employer to revert to business as usual after lockdown is lifted. To help ensure more flexible working remains in place after this pandemic has run its course, and to extend more genuinely flexible working opportunities to all parents and carers, the UK government needs to act.
We have come together to call on the government to act on previous commitments to ensuring employers are advertising jobs flexibly as the norm wherever possible, bedding in the positive changes that parents are already experiencing to the way they work during COVID-19. The government’s approach should ensure employers are taking a strategic, organisation-wide approach to better job design to ensure the work life balance benefits of flexible working are felt.
Women – over-represented in insecure, low paid work – are more likely to have lost their jobs or suffered a fall in earnings since COVID-19 took hold.6 Ensuring employers are taking a proactive approach to creating more secure, genuinely flexible job vacancies will support women into better work. Supporting fathers to continue to contribute higher levels of childcare post-lockdown7 will also bolster women’s labour market participation.
Better job design could also unlock more secure, reduced hours jobs that can be worked flexibly – highly valued by many parents because they afford them more scope to spend time with their children, and to manage work if their childcare arrangements break down. Given unemployment is rising, employers creating more jobs – and more job vacancies – will help avoid a situation where the majority of work is carried out by a shrinking pool of workers8.
It is crucial the government acts to move more UK employers beyond a crisis holding pattern to actually changing the way they organise work, and approaching flexible working as the norm, not the exception; and that the benefits of genuinely flexible working are felt amongst all working parents and carers.
We would welcome an update on the government’s next steps on flexible working since its consultation in the autumn and the Queen’s Speech in December, and the opportunity to discuss taking forward the issues raised here.
Helen Walker, Chief Executive, Carers UK
Adrienne Burgess, Joint CEO and Head of Research, Fatherhood Institute
Dave Devenney, Director, Father’s Network Scotland
Gemma Rosenblatt, Head of Policy and Campaigns, The Fawcett Society
Rehana Azam, National Secretary, GMB
Ros Brag, Director, Maternity Action
Angela McConville. Chief Executive, NCT
Cassie Raine, Co-founder and Director, Parents and Carers in Performing Arts
Jim Minton, CEO, Toynbee Hall
Christina McAnea, Assistant General Secretary, Unison
Dr Jo Grady, General Secretary, University & College Union
Mary-Ann Stephenson, Director, UK Women’s Budget Group
Jane van Zyl, Chief Executive, Working Families
Joe Levenson, Director of Communications and Campaigns, Young Women’s Trust
CC. Paul Scully MP, Minister for Small Business, Consumers and Labour Markets
Liz Truss, Minister for Women & Equalities
Baroness Berridge, Minister for Women